Understanding COPD: A Visual Guide to Managing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


Students are required to develop an infographic on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD). The infographic is to be designed as an education tool to be used for patients and carers in the community. The infographic should aim to educate patients with COPD and their carers about the condition, laboratory and test findings that can direct the need for care and evidence-based nursing care, and self-management that can promote wellbeing and quality of life.

Addressing this assessment will include covering content modules 1 and 2 in this unit.

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Infographics are an effective way of combining graphics and text to help convey information and educate an intended audience in a concise manner. As a health care provider, patient education is a critical skill to promote independence, health, wellbeing, and self- management.

This assessment aims to identify the concepts of the chronic condition: COPD. Students will develop an understanding of the impact of chronic illness and disability on individuals and carers and describe strategies to promote wellness and independence.Being able to complete this assessment, students will be confident, competent, and pro-active practitioners equipped with qualities and skills to think critically, communicate effectively, and deliver culturally aware, evidence-based, and high quality care.

Task Instructions

You are to design a visually engaging infographic that will act as an education resource for people to use in the community/ chronic care setting.

The infographic should be visually engaging, easy to read and pitched to a community audience.

You can use images/ graphics and are encouraged to use Headings and dot points (full sentences are not required).

The infographic should educate on 3 KEY CONCEPTS related to the chosen chronic condition: COPD

Aetiology and pathophysiology.

Clinical diagnostic and laboratory testing results to direct patient care (in the chronic care setting).

Evidence-based nursing care to promote independence, wellbeing and quality of life for individuals and their careers, including self-management.


 Understanding COPD: A Visual Guide to Managing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. This infographic serves as an educational tool for patients and their carers in the community, providing valuable information on COPD, including its etiology and pathophysiology, clinical diagnostic and laboratory testing, and evidence-based nursing care to promote independence and quality of life.

Aetiology and Pathophysiology of COPD

COPD is primarily caused by long-term exposure to harmful substances, mainly cigarette smoke, and environmental pollutants.

Illustration: Visual representation of a cigarette and polluted air to emphasize the main risk factors.

 Key Points:

Chronic inflammation and narrowing of the airways

Destruction of lung tissue and loss of elasticity

Excessive mucus production and impaired clearance

Reduced airflow, leading to symptoms such as shortness of breath and coughing.

 Clinical Diagnostic and Laboratory Testing Results

Clinical Assessment: Description of common signs and symptoms of COPD, such as wheezing, chest tightness, and increased sputum production.

Laboratory and Test Findings:

Spirometry: Explanation of the spirometry test and its role in diagnosing and monitoring COPD. Highlighting the parameters, including forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC).

 Chest X-ray: Importance of chest X-ray in assessing lung damage, ruling out other conditions, and detecting complications.

Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Analysis: Overview of ABG test to evaluate oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood, guiding treatment decisions.

 Key Points:

Timely diagnosis enables appropriate management strategies.

Regular monitoring of lung function is essential for disease progression tracking.

 Evidence-Based Nursing Care and Self-Management

Illustration: A patient engaging in various self-management activities, such as exercise, medication adherence, and smoking cessation.

Promoting Independence and Wellbeing:

Medication Management: Highlighting the importance of prescribed medications, including bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Description of structured exercise programs to improve lung function, endurance, and overall wellbeing.

Smoking Cessation: Emphasizing the significance of quitting smoking and available resources to support cessation.

Enhancing Quality of Life for Individuals and Carers:

Breathing Techniques: Illustrating diaphragmatic breathing and pursed-lip breathing techniques to manage breathlessness.

Energy Conservation Techniques: Tips on conserving energy during daily activities to prevent fatigue.

Emotional Support: Encouraging patients and carers to seek emotional support through support groups and counseling.

Key Points:

Active participation in self-management enhances COPD management and quality of life.

Collaboration with healthcare providers is vital for comprehensive care.


COPD is a chronic condition that requires understanding and effective management. This infographic serves as an educational resource, providing valuable information on COPD’s etiology and pathophysiology, diagnostic and laboratory testing, and evidence-based nursing care and self-management strategies. By empowering patients and carers with knowledge, we can promote independence, wellbeing, and a higher quality of life for individuals living with COPD.

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