A literature review summarizes previously established research. The purpose of literature reviews is to provide readers with the vast knowledge, ideas, and thoughts surrounding a specific topic. It also compares, contrasts, and connects the identified findings from previous research. A literature review provides the context of what is currently known about a particular topic, in order to set the stage and establish a foundation for the topic or question you are interested in. Often, literature reviews create an argument of why it is important to study the specified topic.
(1) identify a topic you wish to learn more about, in the form of a question (a research question)
(2) apply your knowledge on reading research that you’ve learned in class
(3) analyze information found in journal articles and other credible sources
(4) synthesize your new knowledge with an argument into a written mini literature review.