Aspects of criminal justice theories

Analytical Papers

For each of our major texts, we will have a three page (about 500-800 words), five-paragraph Analytical Paper. These essay assignments, which must include at least one cited and explained short (i.e., less than 30 words) quotation from the text in each body paragraph, are designed to give practice in analyzing textual evidence—in the form of direct (properly (i.e., APA) cited) quotations— to prove a specific point about justice. Please be aware that these are minimum criteria (i.e., a C level grade). Analytical Papers must follow APA format. Note: Since these are short assignments we do not need to include a cover page or abstract, but must have a References page (which does not count towards the length). Additional information is provided on Blackboard. Prof. Alpert will provide feedback for Analytical Papers in about a week. We should seek assistance with all Analytical Paper assignments from the Writing Center. Our papers must be grounded in an aspect of one of our criminology readings (i.e., Beccaria OR Brooks) and must include an explained quotation from that reading as well).

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For each text, choose a number of examples that relate to a crime (please see our definition above). Using an aspect of Beccaria or Brooks (one idea from one author only), explain whether or not that criminologist would see the punishment fitting the crime. In other words, would our chosen criminologist see justice being done? (i.e., is the punishment fair?)

Our assignments allow us to reflect on our discussions and consider the texts within the larger framework of our class. Each Analytical Paper acts as a foundation and practice for the next. Please do not make the mistake of thinking that these short assignments are easy; every sentence must be well written and meaningful. Analytical Papers are due the week following the completion of our discussion of the text (please see below). Analytical Papers must be submitted to SafeAssign. Please work on our Analytical Papers throughout our discussion of the text. If we are undecided about a topic, Prof. Alpert will help us pick one.

Please consider the follow sentences to be the mantra for these and all written assignments: Do not generalize. Use earlier papers—and feedback—as a means of evaluating our work and planning out what we wish to say, how to say it, and why we believe as we do. Make a claim; quote the text in support of the claim; explain how the quotations support our claim.





· First line: name of book / genre / author (Douglass)

· First three sentences should be a summary:

o introduce character(s) you’ll be discussing

o Any events you’ll discuss

· Include a theory from Brooks / explain what it is

· Thesis: based on the theory you chose, would brooks say there is justice in the book?

· The foundation of your paper is to use a single aspect of Brooks such as the deterrence theory or expressionism. Based on this concept of what is justice you apply various examples from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass to show this type of justice either taking place or not. I have stated how many pieces of evidence you need at a minimum. Without at least this minimum number you do not have enough evidence to begin constructing an argument. That said, there is no set number that equals a specific grade. This is not a math class but a literature class where the strength of your argument and your attention to detail is what gets the job done. Please re-read the how to guide, the rubric, and the section on the syllabus for additional information. Yes, you need to come up with your own title. This is your work and you should come up with a title that expresses what you are trying to say in your paper. I hope that helps.



Body Paragraphs (2 / 3):


· Topic sentence: summarizes what you will be talking about in the paragraph (should not include evidence)

· One idea per body paragraph

· Whenever you use evidence (at least one piece of evidence per paragraph):

o Whenever you use any evidence, you want to make sure to use Claim, Evidence, Warrant.

o Claim – what are you proving at this point in time?

o Evidence – (should start with your words) quote / paraphrase (cite)

o Warrant – explain how your evidence proves your point. Why did you come to the conclusion you came to?

o Remember that your reasoning is not always clear to your reader. They don’t know what you know, so you have to explain everything out.

· Concluding sentence: summarizes what you talked about, but you get more specific because you already discussed the evidence.



· Restate your thesis

· Bring up main points from each body para because to show how they all together prove your thesis

· No new evidence / information

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