You are the financial controller of Black Stone PLC, a listed company which prepares consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Your managing director, who is not having a background in accounting, has requested you to clarify his questions (given below in points i & ii) concerning segment reporting, with relevant examples: In which circumstance the company can able to declare a segment as reportable segment even if they do not meet the quantitative thresholds? Explain the disclosure requirement on reportable operating segments.

QUESTION

There are TWO Sections

 

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You are the financial controller of Black Stone PLC, a listed company which prepares consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Your managing director, who is not having a background in accounting, has requested you to clarify his questions (given below in points i & ii) concerning segment reporting, with relevant examples: In which circumstance the company can able to declare a segment as reportable segment even if they do not meet the quantitative thresholds? Explain the disclosure requirement on reportable operating segments.
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Section A TWO (compulsory) questions to be attempted

 

Section B One question (compulsory)

60 marks weightage

 

40 marks weightage

 

 

 

 

Section A Two compulsory questions

 

(2 questions* 30 = 60 Marks).

 

Question 01

 

Black Stone PLC is a multinational company based in North America. The company manufactures and sells high-end photocopying machines. The management of the company have identified operating segments based on geographical location. Information for these segments is provided below.

 

Segment Total revenue

 

$

External revenue

 

$

Internal revenue

 

$

Profit/loss

 

$

Asset

 

$

Middle East 1,086,000 504,000 582,000 352,800 12,240,000
East Asia 130,800 118,800 12,000 -93,000 1,242,000
South Asia 540,000 540,000 0 169,200 3,630,000
North America 1,188,000 702,000 486,000 435,600 13,650,000
South America 306,000 144,000 162,000 -54,000 2,088,000
Europe 349,200 194,400 154,800 44,400 3,150,000
TOTAL 3,600,000 2,203,200 1,396,800 855,000 36,000,000

 

 

 

 

You are required to:

 

  1. Evaluate which segments must be reported according to IFRS 8? Show workings clearly.

 

(20 Marks)

 

 

  1. You are the financial controller of Black Stone PLC, a listed company which prepares consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Your managing director, who is not having a background in accounting, has requested you to clarify his questions (given below in points i & ii) concerning segment reporting, with relevant examples:

 

  1. In which circumstance the company can able to declare a segment as reportable segment even if they do not meet the quantitative thresholds?
  2. Explain the disclosure requirement on reportable operating segments.

 

Required:

 

Write a report to the managing director by explaining the IFRS 08 Operating Segments to answer his questions.

 

(10 marks)

 

(Q1-Total 30 Marks)

 

Question 02

 

Zen Sports Club’s trial balance as at 31st March 2019 is given below. The club operates its own restaurant to generate additional income for running the club.

 

Zen Sports Club’s Trial Balance as at 31st March 2019

 

Dr Cr
$ $
Sports Equipment 775,000
Club Premises 2,674,000
Subscription received 327,892
Sale of event tickets 64,000
Salaries of restaurant staff 437,500
Furniture and fittings 483,400
Rates and insurance 181,900
General expenses 46,450
Event expenses 28,000
Accumulated fund 1st April 2018 3,764,440
Donation received 42,400
Telephone and postage 50,320
Bank 28,360
Restaurant purchases 871,480
Creditors for restaurant supplies 153,600
Restaurant sales 1,524,250
Restaurant stock as at 1st April 2018 300,172
Total 5,876,582 5,876,582

 

The following additional information is also available:

 

  1. Restaurant stocks as at 31st March 2019 $116,290

 

  1. Provide for depreciation: Sports equipment $ 66,500; Furniture and fittings $ 49,175.

 

Requirement:

  1. Prepare the Income statement for the year ended 31st March 2019 for Zen Sports Club – Restaurant. (10 Marks)

 

  1. Prepare the Income and Expenditure Account for the year ended 31st March 2019 for Zen Sports Club.

(10 Marks) C. Prepare the Statement of Financial Position as at 31st March 2019 for Zen Sports Club.

(10 Marks)

 

(Q2-Total 30 Marks)

 

Section B One compulsory question

 

(1 Question* 40 = 40 Marks).

 

Question 03

 

ABC plc existing financial instruments are given below:

 

  1. ABC plc issues 100,000 $1 ordinary shares for cash consideration of $2 each. Issue costs are $10,000.

 

You are Required to:

 

Illustrate how the issue of shares is accounted in the financial statements of ABC plc.

 

(5 Marks)

 

 

 

  1. ABC plc issues 5% convertible bonds at their nominal value of $ 5 million. The bonds are convertible at any time up to maturity into 1500 ordinary shares. Alternatively, the bonds will be redeemed at par after 3 years. Similar non-convertible bonds would carry an interest rate of 7%.

 

The present value of $1 payable at the end of year, based on rates of 5% and 7% are as follows:

 

End of year 5% 7%
1 0.952 0.935
2 0.907 0.873
3 0.864 0.816

 

 

Requirement:

 

  1. What amounts will be shown as a financial liability and as equity when the convertible bonds are issued?

 

(10 Marks)

 

  1. What amounts will be shown in the income statement and Statement of Financial Position for years 1& 2?

 

(10 Marks)

 

  1. You are the financial controller of ABC plc which prepares consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Your managing director, who is not from finance area, has some questions related to financial reporting on small and medium enterprise (given below):
  2. Why do small and medium entities, need not comply with the detailed requirements of IFRS?
  3. Is it truethat there aredifferent accounting rules which areavailable forsmall and medium sized entities?

iii.      Can ABC plc take advantage of them? Explain.

 

Required:

 

Provide answers to the questions raised by the managing director by evaluating the key points of IFRS for small and medium sized entities (SMEs).

 

(15 Marks)

 

(Q3-Total 40 Marks)

ANSWER

Segment Reporting and IFRS 8: A Comprehensive Overview for Effective Financial Reporting

Introduction

Segment reporting plays a crucial role in financial reporting, allowing companies to provide transparent information about their operating segments to stakeholders. International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) 8 – Operating Segments provides guidelines for segment reporting, ensuring consistency and comparability across organizations. In this essay, we will delve into the concepts of segment reporting and address key questions raised by the managing director of Black Stone PLC, a multinational company. By optimizing SEO, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of segment reporting under IFRS 8.

Segment Reporting and IFRS 8

Segment reporting entails the disclosure of financial information about the various operating segments of a company. Operating segments are identified based on their distinct economic characteristics, risk and return profiles, and the nature of the products or services they offer. IFRS 8 establishes the criteria for determining which segments must be reported and outlines the disclosure requirements for reportable segments.

Evaluation of Reportable Segments

Under IFRS 8, segments are deemed reportable if they meet certain quantitative thresholds. These thresholds consider revenue, profit or loss, and assets of each segment relative to the company as a whole. By calculating the proportions and comparing them to the thresholds, reportable segments can be identified. In the case of Black Stone PLC, we applied the quantitative thresholds to determine the reportable segments, which turned out to be the Middle East, South Asia, and North America segments (IFRS 8 — Operating Segments, n.d.).

Qualitative Considerations

However, IFRS 8 recognizes that qualitative factors can override the quantitative thresholds in certain circumstances (Carroll & Hucklesby, 2022). If a segment is deemed significant to users of the financial statements, it should be reported separately, regardless of whether it meets the quantitative thresholds. Factors such as the regulatory environment, nature of products or services, and overall impact on the company’s operations should be considered when making this judgment.

Disclosure Requirements

IFRS 8 stipulates specific disclosure requirements for reportable operating segments. These include general information about the segments, such as the criteria used to identify them and the types of products or services they provide. Additionally, segment revenue, profit or loss, assets, liabilities, and other significant items must be disclosed. Reconciliations of segment totals to the corresponding amounts in the financial statements are essential for transparency.

Moreover, if the basis for the company’s operating segments is products and services, geographic areas, or major customers, additional information related to these factors must be provided. These comprehensive disclosures enable stakeholders to gain a deeper understanding of the company’s performance, risks, opportunities, and the overall impact of each segment on the financial statements.

Benefits of Effective Segment Reporting

Accurate segment reporting under IFRS 8 offers several advantages. It enables stakeholders to make informed decisions by analyzing the performance of individual segments. Investors can assess different segments’ profitability, risks, and growth potential, leading to more effective investment strategies (Odia & Imagbe, 2015). Management can utilize segment information to evaluate the effectiveness of their business strategies and make informed decisions to optimize segment performance.

Conclusion

Segment reporting is a crucial aspect of financial reporting, enabling companies to provide stakeholders with transparent and useful information about their operating segments. IFRS 8 serves as a comprehensive guideline, outlining the criteria for identifying reportable segments and establishing disclosure requirements. By evaluating quantitative thresholds and considering qualitative factors, companies can ensure accurate segment reporting and enhance stakeholder decision-making.

In conclusion, Black Stone PLC must report the Middle East, South Asia, and North America segments based on the quantitative thresholds outlined in IFRS 8. However, the company should also consider qualitative factors when determining reportable segments. By complying with the disclosure requirements, Black Stone PLC can provide valuable insights into the performance and prospects of its operating segments, empowering stakeholders to make informed decisions.

References

Carroll, S., & Hucklesby, M. (2022, August 12). Segment information to be disclosed. Grant Thornton International Ltd. Home. https://www.grantthornton.global/en/insights/articles/ifrs-8/segment-information-to-be-disclosed/ 

IFRS 8 — Operating Segments. (n.d.). https://www.iasplus.com/en/standards/ifrs/ifrs8 

Odia, J., & Imagbe, V. U. (2015). Towards the Usefulness and Implications of Segment Reporting Standards. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6p30 

 

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