Write a coherent essay, with a thesis, development, and conclusion which answers this question: How does García Lorca use symbolism in La casa de Bernarda Alba? Remember that an essay must have 5 examples. You can take into account the following: a) The names of the characters b) The house itself c) The various colors that appear in the work d) The cane, the photo of Pepe, the time of year, the sheep e) The two anecdotes

QUESTION

write an essay of the house of Bernarda on the following two options.
Option 1:
Write a coherent essay, with a thesis, development, and conclusion
which answers this question:
How does García Lorca use symbolism in La casa de Bernarda Alba?
Remember that an essay must have 5 examples.
You can take into account the following:
a) The names of the characters
b) The house itself
c) The various colors that appear in the work
d) The cane, the photo of Pepe, the time of year, the sheep
e) The two anecdotes
f) A symbolic thing not discussed in class
g) A dimensión
Option 2: Based on specific examples in the work La casa de Bernarda Albade Federico García Lorca, write an essay on the author’s social criticism. Think, for example, of criticism in terms of social class (hierarchical society / classicism); gender (man and woman); oppression of women; religion; conservative morality; honor. Remember that an essay must have 5 paragraphs.

ANSWER

Option 1: Symbolism in “La Casa de Bernarda Alba” by García Lorca

Thesis

García Lorca skillfully employs symbolism in “La Casa de Bernarda Alba” to deepen the thematic exploration and convey hidden meanings within the play. This is evident through the use of character names, the symbolic significance of the house, the portrayal of colors, the presence of objects like the cane and the photo of Pepe, references to time and animals, as well as the inclusion of two anecdotes. Through these symbols, Lorca unveils the repressive nature of society, the constraints on individual freedom, and the overwhelming power of societal norms.

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Write a coherent essay, with a thesis, development, and conclusion which answers this question: How does García Lorca use symbolism in La casa de Bernarda Alba? Remember that an essay must have 5 examples. You can take into account the following: a) The names of the characters b) The house itself c) The various colors that appear in the work d) The cane, the photo of Pepe, the time of year, the sheep e) The two anecdotes
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Paragraph 1

One of the significant ways García Lorca employs symbolism in “La Casa de Bernarda Alba” is through the names of the characters. The name Bernarda Alba itself carries symbolic weight, with “Alba” meaning dawn or new beginnings. However, this optimistic connotation contradicts Bernarda’s oppressive nature, highlighting the discrepancy between appearances and reality. Similarly, Adela’s name, derived from the Latin word “adelaida” meaning noble or honorable, foreshadows her defiance of societal expectations and her tragic fate.

Paragraph 2

The house in the play also serves as a powerful symbol. It represents confinement, both physically and emotionally, as the women are trapped within its walls. The house becomes a metaphor for the restrictive society that suppresses individual desires and perpetuates a cycle of repression. Its small windows and lack of freedom of movement underscore the confinement experienced by the female characters, emphasizing the limited options available to them.

Paragraph 3

Colors play a crucial role in the symbolic representation of emotions and societal norms. Black, worn by the characters after the death of Bernarda’s husband, symbolizes mourning and the suppression of individuality. White, in contrast, represents purity and innocence but is paradoxically associated with confinement. The contrasting colors reflect the duality and conflicting emotions experienced by the characters, revealing the complexities of their situations.

Paragraph 4

Lorca employs various objects to convey symbolism within the play. The cane, which Bernarda wields as a symbol of her authority and power, represents the oppressive nature of her rule and the control she exerts over her daughters. The photo of Pepe, the man desired by all the daughters, symbolizes the limited choices available to them in terms of romantic relationships. It represents their yearning for freedom and love, which is ultimately denied.

Paragraph 5

Additionally, Lorca includes symbolic references to time and animals. The repeated mention of the scorching summer heat reflects the mounting tension within the house and the stifling atmosphere created by Bernarda’s strict rules. The sheep mentioned throughout the play symbolize the passive nature of the female characters, who are expected to be obedient and submissive, mirroring the societal expectations imposed upon them.

Conclusion

In “La Casa de Bernarda Alba,” García Lorca skillfully employs symbolism to convey a deeper understanding of the themes and social criticism present in the play. Through the use of character names, the symbolic representation of the house, colors, objects, time, and animals, Lorca illuminates the repressive nature of society, the limitations imposed on individual freedom, and the overpowering influence of societal norms. These symbols heighten the emotional impact of the play, shedding light on the struggles faced by women in a hierarchical and oppressive society. By exploring these symbols, readers can gain a richer appreciation of the complex and thought-provoking world García Lorca presents in his work.

 

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