After reading Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, chapter #10 you will have learned about gender issues. Sex is a person’s biological classification as male or female. Gender is a person’s social classification, associated with sex, as masculine or feminine. And, the difference between sex and gender is sex is biologically defined, while gender is socially defined. Feminism is the belief that men and women have equal rights and responsibilities. Sexism is prejudice and discrimination based on the belief that the sexes are innately different in all aspects, and the differences connote superiority and inferiority.

QUESTION

After reading Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, chapter #10 you will have learned about gender issues. Sex is a person’s biological classification as male or female. Gender is a person’s social classification, associated with sex, as masculine or feminine. And, the difference between sex and gender is sex is biologically defined, while gender is socially defined. Feminism is the belief that men and women have equal rights and responsibilities. Sexism is prejudice and discrimination based on the belief that the sexes are innately different in all aspects, and the differences connote superiority and inferiority.

In the reply box, considering social movements, such as #Me Too, state if you believe there is a decline in sexism in contemporary US society. Why or why not? Support your answer with information from chapter #10. Cite the information with the page number and textbook edition you are using, for example (pg.100, ed.10).

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After reading Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, chapter #10 you will have learned about gender issues. Sex is a person’s biological classification as male or female. Gender is a person’s social classification, associated with sex, as masculine or feminine. And, the difference between sex and gender is sex is biologically defined, while gender is socially defined. Feminism is the belief that men and women have equal rights and responsibilities. Sexism is prejudice and discrimination based on the belief that the sexes are innately different in all aspects, and the differences connote superiority and inferiority.
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ANSWER

 The Decline of Sexism in Contemporary US Society: Exploring the Impact of Social Movements

Introduction

Sexism, defined as prejudice and discrimination based on perceived differences between sexes, has long been a pervasive issue in societies worldwide. However, with the rise of social movements such as #MeToo, significant progress has been made in challenging and combating sexism. This essay aims to examine whether there has been a decline in sexism in contemporary US society, drawing insights from Mooney, Knox, and Schacht’s Chapter 10 on gender issues. By analyzing the impact of social movements and the changing cultural landscape, we can gain a nuanced understanding of the ongoing struggle for gender equality.

The Impact of Social Movements

The #MeToo movement, which gained momentum in 2017, has been a catalyst for change by shedding light on the prevalence of sexual harassment and assault. It has provided a platform for survivors to share their stories, creating a sense of solidarity and exposing the systemic nature of sexism (Khomami, 2020). The movement has prompted widespread conversations about consent, power dynamics, and gender equality, leading to increased awareness and societal introspection.

According to Mooney et al. (pg. 352, ed. 10), the #MeToo movement has led to significant shifts in public discourse, challenging traditional notions of gender roles and holding perpetrators accountable. High-profile cases involving influential figures from various industries have faced public scrutiny, resulting in consequences such as job loss, damaged reputations, and legal repercussions. This indicates a growing intolerance for sexism and a commitment to addressing gender-based discrimination.

Corporate and Legislative Responses

The impact of the #MeToo movement is not limited to public opinion. Many corporations have implemented comprehensive anti-sexual harassment policies and training programs to foster safer work environments (Pearlman & Bordelon, 2022). Mooney et al. (pg. 352, ed. 10) note that the movement has prompted organizations to reevaluate their internal practices and ensure accountability for addressing gender inequality. These actions demonstrate a shift towards greater awareness and a commitment to creating inclusive workplaces.

Furthermore, the legal landscape has responded to the momentum generated by the #MeToo movement. Mooney et al. (pg. 352, ed. 10) highlight how the movement influenced legislative reforms, such as the introduction of new laws to protect victims and promote gender equality. For example, several states in the US have enacted legislation extending the statute of limitations for reporting sexual assault cases. These legal changes not only provide support for survivors but also serve as a deterrent to potential perpetrators.

Cultural Shifts and Media Representation

The media plays a crucial role in shaping societal attitudes and norms. Mooney et al. (pg. 351, ed. 10) emphasize that the #MeToo movement has prompted increased media coverage of issues related to sexism and gender inequality. Through widespread reporting and discussions, the movement has challenged traditional narratives and stereotypes, promoting a more nuanced understanding of gender dynamics. This increased visibility has the potential to shape public perceptions and lead to cultural shifts that reject sexism.

Moreover, the emergence of diverse voices and narratives in media and entertainment has contributed to a more inclusive portrayal of gender. Mooney et al. (pg. 351, ed. 10) note that contemporary TV shows and films often feature strong female characters challenging gender norms (Daalmans et al., 2017). Such representations empower individuals and challenge the prevailing sexist ideologies deeply entrenched in society.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the #MeToo movement has undeniably had a significant impact on the fight against sexism in contemporary US society. Through exposing the prevalence of sexual harassment and assault, promoting accountability, and influencing corporate and legislative responses, the movement has challenged long-standing norms and contributed to a cultural shift. While it is important to acknowledge that sexism still persists in various forms, the collective efforts driven by social movements like #MeToo have created an environment that is more conducive to gender equality. By continuing to address systemic issues, raising awareness, and fostering inclusive dialogues, we can strive towards further reducing sexism and achieving a more equitable society.

References

Daalmans, S., Kleemans, M., & Sadza, A. (2017). Gender Representation on Gender-Targeted Television Channels: A Comparison of Female- and Male-Targeted TV Channels in the Netherlands. Sex Roles, 77(5–6), 366–378. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-016-0727-6 

Khomami, N. (2020, February 24). #MeToo: how a hashtag became a rallying cry against sexual harassment. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/20/women-worldwide-use-hashtag-metoo-against-sexual-harassment 

Pearlman, D. A., & Bordelon, B. M. (2022). How the #MeToo movement affected sexual harassment in the hospitality industry: A U.S. case study. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 101, 103106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2021.103106 

 

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